Seizures in the ICU – Part 2
The most frequently used nomenclature to describe seizures is the classification from the International League Against Epilepsy. This classification is based on clinical criteria without regard to etiology and can be grouped into two main categories – partial seizures and generalized seizures.
Simple partial seizures – the patient is awake throughout. These seizures start at a discrete area of the cerebral cortex and has motor and or sensory symptoms.
Complex partial seizures – the patient has altered consciousness but may be partially aware. These seizures start in the limbic system bilaterally. This type of seizure typically (but not always) has automatisms (movements made by the patient without awareness).
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