Acute Blood Loss
The best fluid to treat shock in acute blood loss is fresh whole blood, which simply replaces the same things that are lost in acute blood loss or hemorrhage. It is rarely available because it has a short storage life.
Typically, acute blood loss is treated by replacing the individual major components of blood. These are packed red blood cells that perform oxygen transport, platelets that initially plug the bleeding, fresh frozen plasma that contains many of the needed coagulation factors, and cryoprecipitate that contains the remaining coagulation factors.
In “surgicalese” these components are referred to as PRBC’s, platelets, FFP, and cryo.
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