Surgical coronay artery revascularization (aka CABG or ACB) is a commonly performed procedure in the United States. The development of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons database has provided a detailed analysis of the morbidity and mortality associated with this procedure and the risk stratification models. The STS database for 1997-2000 calculates the incidence of 30 day mortality at 2.61%.
To decrease some of the complications listed below, many CABG procedures are now done “off pump” or without stopping the heart and cross-clamping the aorta.
Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation – The incidence of patients requiring mechanical ventilation for longer than 48 hours is 5.79%.